Fasciala rörelser

FASCIALA RÖRELSER

Förutom den mycket effektiva BLACKROLL®-träningen kan du intensifiera fascia-träningen med speciella fasciala rörelser. Fasciella strukturer kan inte bara lösas utan också "stärkas". "Att stärka fascia" betyder att de fasciala strukturer bli mer elastisk, mer slitstark och dessutom att ligament, senor och ledkapslar - vilka Fasciaexperter inkluderar också till de fascian strukturer - kan lagra mer kinetisk energi. Därigenom blir atletiska rörelser mer ekonomiskt (du behöver mindre muskelkraft) och känsligheten för skador minskar.

Stärkande fasciala rörelser handlar om hoppande, vippande och fjädrande rörelser. Även vid stretching är fjädrande rörelse möjliga, eftersom det har visat sig att det har en positiv effekt på fascien. Detta faktum visar att det faktiskt inte finns några felaktiga rörelser. Det är bara nödvändigt att tilldela rörelsens form till det aktuella målet. Den passiva stretchingen blir således mer till detonisation samt förebyggande och minskning av inflammation och den aktiva vippande stretching är snarare att stärka och stimulera den fasciella strukturen.

Se nedan för ytterligare information om hur olika typer av hoppande, svingande och stretchande påverkar olika strukturer. (Bilder av Mira Hampel bok ”Faszie trifft Muskel” – Meyer & Meyer Verlag 2017)

Mer information om författarna:
www.concept-rossmann.com
www.lamar-functional-training.de

Källor:

  • Roßmann, M./Lowery, L. (2017). Faszie trifft Muskel Aachen: Meyer & Meyer
  • Schleip, R. & Baker, A. (2016). Faszien in Sport und Alltag (1.Auflage). München: riva
  • Schleip, R., Findley, T., Chaitow, L. & Huijing, P. (Hrsg). (2012): Lehrbuch Faszien Grundlagen – Forschung – Behandlung (1.Auflage). München: Urban & Fischer.

 

FJÄDRING UNDER DEN STRETCHÖVNINGEN

To reach the fascia in the best way possible, it takes maximum pre-stretching, many changes of vectors and mini bounces (pictures by Mira Hampel in: Fascia meets muscle – Meyer & Meyer publishing company 2017)

If you want to put the main focus of stretching on activating fascia, there are three important aspects to keep in mind:

  1. Getting into a maximum pre-stretching position
  2. Doing mini bouncing movements in this position
  3. Additionally constantly making little changes of angles in order to
    a) give as many different impulses as possible to the fascia (fasciae love been stretched in all directions)
    b) reaching the best, individual stretching position.

It is crucial that the change of directions happens with maximum acceleration. Only this way it can be guaranteed that the fibroblasts (the cells that are responsible for the new construction of collages) are stimulated in a positive way. Sadly, this important detail is overlooked by many trainers and athletes.

SVINGA FÖR FASCIAN

Picture 1: Normal swinging: according to science this form of swinging does not have a positive impact on the fibro blasts. Experience, however, shows that after just a short period of time, most patients notice positive effects.

Picture 2: Only with slight, swinging movements + acceleration of movements at the movement turning point, a positive activation of the fibro blasts can be identified.

When it comes to swinging movements, science says that an optimization of the fascial effects is only possible with

  • maximum pre-stretching
  • constant change of angles
  • and a maximum acceleration in the reversal of movements

However, in reality you often have to forgo many of these very challenging movements, because movement laymen or people in rehabilitation are not able to perform them. My experience and the feedback of many therapists has shown that simple swinging without acceleration can already have an outstanding effect on the movability, the pain perception and the general mood. Personally, these effects are more important to me than the question whether this can be traced back to fasciae. Which brings us to another, not yet scientifically explained observation. The combination of blackroll training and fascial swinging and stretching with or without small tools has the most positive effects. That is my “7 years long-term observation” after over 400 courses!

HOPPA

Picture 1: Jumping with smooth landing, big changes of angles in the knee joint and a long contact time with the ground

Picture 2: Jumping with hard landing, less changes of angles in the knee and a short contact time with the ground

Generally, one can say: If you want to give tendons, ligaments and joint capsules a positive impulse, you need to regularly hop and jump. There a differences in the execution and the effects on the muscles and fascia. Slow jumping with big changes of angles in the knee joint and a long contact time with the ground trains the slow twitch fibres and the collagenous muscle skin. If you jump at a faster pace with less change of angles in the knee joint (remaining stiff) and short contact time with the ground, bouncing right up again, you will train the fast twitch fibres as well as the tendons, ligaments and joint capsules.

The speed and the stiffness of the execution are therefore crucial, depending on which structures you want to reach. As always, it needs to be noted that every form of training trains both muscles and fasciae. We only differentiate between a more muscle focused and a more fascia focused training and it is the small but noticeable differences in how we move that make the difference.

In our book Fascia meets muscle- Meyer & Meyer publishing company 2017, as well as in our e-learning program in cooperation with the company ARTZT, Lamar Lowery, personal trainer and functional training expert, presents many classic, functional exercises with small tools, which I change in a way that shifts the focus more on to fascial structures.